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The real reason to start collecting stamps (英式)

发表在 2018-1-29 10:52 来自PC 复制链接 手机看帖 扫一扫!手机看帖更爽 34 613

本帖最后由 chris307 于 2018-1-29 13:27 编辑

Thereal reason to start collecting stamps
開始集郵的真正原因

英文原作者:Serena Renner


A simple trip to a British post office turned into a life-changing adventure for one lucky stamp collector.
一次平常的英國郵局之行為一名幸運的集郵者開啟了一場改變人生的奇遇。

In 1967, a stamp enthusiast went to his local post office in the north England town of Rochdale to buy a pair of Great Britain stamps. He paid one shilling and nine pence (less than 10 US cents) for a pair that celebrated the invention of the television and featured a silhouette of Queen Elizabeth II.
1967年,一位郵票發燒友到英國北部小鎮羅奇代爾(Rochdale)的一個地方郵局購買兩張大不列顛郵票。他花了一先令九便士(不到10美分),買了兩張紀念電視發明和帶有伊麗莎白二世剪影的郵票。

What he didn’t  realise until later was that one of the stamps was missing the queen’s  head. It was a lucky purchase. In 2014, he sold the stamp, known as SG 755b, at auction for £23,600 ($36,260).
他後來才發現,其中一張郵票上缺了女王的頭像。後來證明這是一筆幸運的買賣。2014年,他拍賣了這張被稱為「SG 755b」的郵票,成交價為23600英鎊(即36260美元)。


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慧奇 发表于 2018-1-29 11:54:00 | 显示全部楼层
此为克里斯君爱读之英文乎?何不就其原文或翻译稍加点评,让兄台之智慧光芒闪烁其中?期盼之至!
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慧奇 发表于 2018-1-29 11:54:00 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 慧奇 于 2018-1-29 12:23 编辑

Welcome to write, comment here!
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老糊涂 发表于 2018-1-29 12:37:42 | 显示全部楼层
为什么转来的帖子有不少粘词现象。
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chris307 发表于 2018-1-29 13:24:48 | 显示全部楼层
慧奇 发表于 2018-1-29 11:54
此为克里斯君爱读之英文乎?何不就其原文或翻译稍加点评,让兄台之智慧光芒闪烁其中?期盼之至! ...

承您厚愛,卻力不從心。吾讀外語,若讀母語,過眼而已,甚解之法與我無緣。
對不住。
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chris307 发表于 2018-1-29 13:30:17 | 显示全部楼层
老糊涂 发表于 2018-1-29 12:37
为什么转来的帖子有不少粘词现象。

謝謝指正。
朋友電郵此文與我,從郵箱轉word文檔並加譯文的過程中可能有我的誤操作。
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chris307 发表于 2018-1-29 22:32:46 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 chris307 于 2018-1-29 22:37 编辑

Although the advent of email has hurt postal mail service in recent years, stamp collecting remains a passionate hobby as well as a valuable business and investment strategy in many countries. Billions of stamps have been issued since the British Penny Black, the world's first adhesive stamp, debuted in 1840, and many are laced with romance and lore — transporting collectors to exotic destinations, critical moments in history and, for some, elusive future fortunes.
雖然近些年來電子郵件的到來打擊了郵政服務,但是在很多國家,集郵仍然是一種愛好和有價值的商業和投資策略。自從1840年全世界第一枚帶背膠的郵票英國黑便士(Penny Black)首次發行以來,世界發行了數以十億計的郵票,其中很多郵票都與浪漫和傳說有關——把集郵者帶往充滿異域風情的遠方和歷史的重要時刻,其中一些人還盼望著借此獲得遙不可及的財富。

In 2014, the one-cent magenta — an unassuming magenta octagon with handwritten black script released in British Guiana in 1856 — set the record for the most money ever paid for a postage stamp. The sum was $9.5m, nearly a billion times its original penny value.
2014年,一枚一分洋紅郵票——1856年英屬圭亞那發行帶有黑色手寫字樣的毫不起眼的八邊形洋紅郵票——創下了最貴郵票的紀錄。成交價為950萬美元,幾乎是它原本價值的10億倍。

Though numerous collectors have deep pockets and decades of knowledge, anyone can become a rare stamp aficionado.
雖然許多收藏家都擁有可觀的財富和廣博豐富的知識,但是任何人都可以成為稀有郵票發燒友。

And even if you aren't as lucky as the Rochdale collector, you can quickly become knowledgeable about a range of topics and geographic locations as you build a stamp collection. Knowing what and how to buy is key.
而且,即使你不如羅奇代爾的那個集郵者那麼幸運,也可以在收藏郵票的過程中快速增長知識,了解地理。關鍵是知道要買什麼以及如何購買。

“You learn a lot about the world in an effortless but pleasant way,” said retired dealer Anthony Grainger. “Collecting should be a pleasure and if you eventually make money, that's a bonus.”
「你可以輕鬆愉快地了解這個世界,」退休的郵票交易商安東尼·格蘭傑(Anthony Grainger)說,「集郵本身就是一件快樂的事,而如果你最後還可以從中賺錢,那就是錦上添花的事情了。」

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chris307 发表于 2018-1-29 22:44:05 | 显示全部楼层
我發現從word拷貝過來後就有些詞變成粘連,可能與論壇程序及word的不相容有關。
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chris307 发表于 2018-1-30 09:03:17 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 chris307 于 2018-1-30 09:07 编辑

Getting started            如何入門
Any philatelist (the official name for stamp researchers and collectors) will tell you this: build your collection around a focus that interests you, whether it's cars or birds or your family's country of origin. This way stamps become a vehicle forlearning about a broader subject in all its nuances, said Dominic Savastano, astamp specialist at Spink London. “With knowledge you can beat the dealers,” hesaid.
任何集郵家(郵票研究者和收藏者的正式稱謂)都會告訴你這件事:根據你的興趣點來集郵,不論是汽車,還是鳥類,還是你的家鄉。這樣,郵票可以讓你對一個話題有細緻入微的了解。Spink London的郵票專員多米尼克·薩勒諾(Dominic Savastano)說:「只要你有充足的知識,你就可以打敗郵票交易商。」

Like most stamp experts, Savastano started collecting as a young boy in England and quickly grew intrigued by the process of finding and sorting miniature works of art from places near and far.
在英國,和大多數郵票行家一樣,薩勒諾從小就開始集郵。他很快就喜歡上了從四面八方收集這種微縮藝術品的過程。

“You have a pile of stamps, and you start arranging them by country,” Savastano said. “Some of course are turned upside down and you realise this one has grilled gum [patterns in the adhesive] on the back from Czechoslovakia! Stamp collecting is very much an aesthetic hobby. You buy stamps because you want to enjoy looking at them.”
「你拿著一堆郵票,然後開始按照國家來整理分類,」薩勒諾說,「當然有一些反面朝上的,於是你發現那個背膠帶圖案的就是捷克斯洛伐克的郵票!集郵很像是一種審美愛好。你買郵票是因為想要好好欣賞它們。」
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chris307 发表于 2018-1-30 21:36:52 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 chris307 于 2018-1-30 21:41 编辑

What you’ll pay         集郵的花費
You get what you pay for when it comes to rare stamps. While there's no firm rule on pricing, collectors buying at auctions should expect to pay 40% to 50% of the catalogue price, said Joseph Cottriall, who works as a stamp valuer for Warwick & Warwick in the UK, and a consultant to Sotheby's in the US. The catalogue price is the amount listed in industry-respected publications by the likes of Stanley Gibbons in London, Scott in the US, Michel for the German-speaking world and Yvert et Tellier in France.
就稀有郵票而言,一分錢一分貨。根據英國Warwick & Warwick公司的郵票估值師兼美國蘇富比拍賣行(Sotheby)顧問約瑟夫·科特里爾(Joseph Cottriall)的說法,儘管郵票的定價沒有固定的規則,然而在拍賣會上,集郵者的預期應該是商品目錄價格的40%到50%。商品目錄價格是倫敦的Stanley Gibbons、美國的Scott、德語圈的Michel和法國的Yvert et Tellier等公司出版的業界權威出版物中列出的價格。

When deciding how much you're willing to spend, first determine how rare the stamp is. Some of the world's most coveted examples are the result of printing errors (like the British television stamp without the queen's head), but others may have become scarce due to political or historic circumstances. Sometimes, the piece of mail a stamp is fastened to — perhaps a letter displaying traces of war history —can raise the price by a few hundred dollars.
在決定你的出價之前,先要判斷郵票的稀有程度。最吸引全世界集郵者的是錯版郵票(比如缺了女王頭像的英國電視紀念郵票),不過因為政治或歷史原因,也有一些郵票變得十分稀有。有時,如果一枚郵票貼在一封特別的信件上——比如能反映戰爭歷史的信——那這枚郵票的價格就能提高幾百美元。

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chris307 发表于 2018-1-31 10:42:31 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 chris307 于 2018-1-31 10:47 编辑

The most prized stamp Cottriall has ever encountered is the inverted Jenny, an American stamp from 1918 depicting a blue old-fashioned biplane surrounded by a red vintage border. It looks like your average classic stamp until you realise the plane,or Jenny, was printed upside down. One hundred examples slipped through the printers, each worth at least $100,000 today, depending on condition.
科特里爾所見過的最有價值的郵票是倒置的珍妮(inverted Jenny)。那是1918年發行的美國郵票,圖案是一架老式的雙翼飛機,周圍是紅色的老式邊框。它看起來和別的古董郵票沒有差別,不過你很快就會發現名為珍妮的飛機上下顛倒了。印刷機印出了一百張這樣的錯版郵票,如今一張至少價值10萬美元,具體價格視保存狀況而定。

“I looked at it under a magnifying glass and was like, ‘Wow, this is the value of a house!’”Cottriall recalled.
「我用放大鏡仔細看,然後驚嘆道,『哇,這值一棟房子啊!』」 科特里爾回憶道。

Quality is paramount. Generally, a mint stamp (one straight from the post office) will cost more than a used stamp. Mint stamps should be in mint condition, meaning no tears, folds or colour damage as well as an intact "stamp hinge" (the paper coating that guards the adhesive on the back). Even a stamp worth a few dollars could fetch a couple hundred if it's the best example of a specific design on the market.
品質十分重要。總體來說,新郵票(從郵局直接買來的)比用過的郵票更值錢。新郵票的保存狀況要求沒有破損、折痕、污損,背面的膠紙也必須完好污損(用來保護背膠的紙)。即使是價值只有幾美元的郵票,如果它是市場上這個圖案保存狀況最好的郵票,那它的價值可能會增加幾百美元。

Stamps should be kept in high-quality albums or stock books. These generally range from about $75 to $150. "Hingeless" albums are considered the safest because they contain individual plastic sleeves that don't require sticking stamps to pages, which can damage a stamp's back. Albums should be stored in a cool place, away from areas that can get cold and damp or hot and humid.
郵票應存放在高品質的相冊或存貨簿中。它們的價格通常在75美元到150美元。「不帶合頁」的相冊被認為是最安全的,因為這種相冊帶有塑料套,不需要把郵票粘上去,因為那樣可能會損壞郵票的背面。集郵冊應存放在陰涼處,防止過冷、過熱或者過於潮濕的地方。

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chris307 发表于 2018-1-31 21:07:25 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 chris307 于 2018-1-31 21:11 编辑

What to look for        找什麼樣的郵票
Older stamps are generally more valuable than modern stamps, Savastano said. Most modern "special" and "commemorative" sets released by countries for publicity and economic reasons have little value since so many are printed.
年代較早的郵票通常比現代的郵票更值錢,薩勒諾說。國家為了宣傳和經濟考量而發行的大多數套裝特種郵票和紀念郵票都沒有什麼價值,因為發行量太大。

"In England, practically anything that's been issued in the past 45 years immediately drops to 60% of face value," he said.
「在英格蘭,過去45年間發行的幾乎所有郵票都已經跌到面值的60%,」他說。

Value can also change dramatically over the course of a decade or two, depending upon politics and collector interest. Take China for example. In the 1960s, few people wanted to buy stamps from a communist country. But today, a sheet of stamps from 1962 called Stage Art of Mei Lanfang is worth around $15,000.
在政治和集郵者興趣的影響下,在十年或二十年的時間裏,郵票的價值也可能會發生巨大的變化。以中國為例,20世紀60年代,幾乎沒有人想要從這個社會主義國家購買郵票。但是如今,一版1962年梅蘭芳舞台藝術的郵票價值約為15000美元。

China, Hong Kong, Japan and India are all in high demand at the moment, reflecting the growing trend of collecting in Asia. Western European stamps, on the other hand, are dropping in value. That's because collectors who have been buying such countries as Switzerland, Germany and Italy for the past 60 years are now selling and flooding the market. However, classic stamps from these countries can still be valuable. Stamps from the UK, Commonwealth countries and the US tend to retain value since so many people continue to collect from these nations.
郵票在中國、香港、日本和印度都有旺盛的需求,反映了亞洲地區集郵興趣不斷增長的勢頭。而與此相反,西歐的郵票價格正在下滑,因為過去60年裏購買了瑞士、德國、意大利的郵票的集郵者正在大量出售這些郵票,使得市場上充斥了這類郵票。不過,這些國家的經典郵票仍然有價值。而英國、英聯邦國家和美國的郵票仍然比較保值,因為很多人一直在收集這些國家的郵票。
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chris307 发表于 2018-2-1 10:33:07 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 chris307 于 2018-2-1 10:37 编辑

Where to buy it          去哪裏購買
While finding a rare stamp at a car boot sale or an antique shop might fit the idealistic story of a lucky find, the majority of known rare stamps have already been snapped up.
雖然在理想的故事裏,你會在別人車後備箱甩賣時或古董店裏幸運地找到稀有郵票,但大多數稀有的郵票早已被人買走。

You're better off going to a reputable dealer or auctioneer who can certify a stamp's authenticity. The dealer Stanley Gibbons is considered an international authority, and specialist auction houses include Warwick & Warwick, Spink, Corinphila and David Feldman. In theory, auction houses are cheaper since dealers add markups that can double the price. But auctions are driven by bidders, and bidding wars can inflate prices substantially higher and create alot of variance in the final sale.
一個更好的選擇是去一家著名的郵票交易公司或拍賣公司,因為他們可以驗證郵票的真偽。Stanley Gibbons被視為國際郵票交易權威,專業的拍賣行包括Warwick &Warwick、Spink、Corinphila和David Feldman。理論上來說,拍賣行的郵票比較便宜,因為交易商會加價,有時郵票的價格會翻倍。但是拍賣行的價格是由出價者定的,一旦有人競價,郵票的價格就會虛高,所以最後的交易價差異很大。

Stamp fairs such as Stampex and travelling world stamp exhibitions are great places to meet dealers and scout out stock.
還可以去Stampex這樣的郵票博覽會和世界巡迴郵票展,找到交易商並探尋他們的存貨。

While the internet has enabled collectors to pursue their hobby ever more fervently, buying online is risky. It's tougher to discern fakes and defects, or to spot the fine details of colour and pattern that separate a common stamp from its celebrated sister. Still, many people buy on sites like eBay, and it could play to abuyer's advantage if the seller doesn't know bogus from big money.
雖然集郵者可以通過互聯網比以往更加狂熱地集郵,但是在網上買郵票是有風險的。在網上,判明真偽和瑕疵的難度更大,有時一張普通郵票和它著名的姐妹版只在顏色和圖案上有細微的差別。不過,很多人還是喜歡在eBay這樣的網站上買郵票,而當賣家並沒有判斷真假的能力時,買家就可能處於有利地位。
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不想说话 发表于 2018-2-1 17:57:16 | 显示全部楼层
chris307 发表于 2018-2-1 10:33
Where to buy it          去哪裏購買While finding a rare stamp at a car boot sale or an antique shop  ...

有意思,

这篇“英式文章”用了美式的汽车后备箱表达方法。

UK我记得是用“Trunk”来表示后备箱。

得找@慧奇

酱来问问哒
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qqc813 发表于 2018-2-1 18:23:21 | 显示全部楼层
不想说话 发表于 2018-2-1 17:57
有意思,

这篇“英式文章”用了美式的汽车后备箱表达方法。

哈哈!英文也会断错。
Car boot sales or boot fairs are a form of market in which private individuals come together to sell household and garden goods. They are popular in the United Kingdom, where they are often referred to simply as 'car boots'.
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