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【医学】 体重与健康

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发表于 2010-10-24 20:35:17 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 心物和 于 2011-7-24 20:51 编辑

体重与健康

这是大家的帖子,请随意补充文献。先收集资料,而后再讨论和归纳。

希望这儿的信息对咱们这些昼夜在案头工作的人有帮助。

.........
心物和的博客:Across Cultures
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发表于 2010-10-24 20:45:07 |显示全部楼层

肥胖症与子女的糖尿病


根据Nature杂志最近发表的一篇论文,父亲的肥胖症与不良的饮食习惯与子女患糖尿病具有一定的关联。

详见:
“Dad's Weight and Diet Linked to Offspring's Risk of Diabetes”. Science Daily . <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/10/101021103121.htm>. Oct. 24, 2010.

“Fat fathers affect daughters' health”. Nature News . <http://www.nature.com/news/2010/101020/full/news.2010.553.html>. 20 October 2010.
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发表于 2010-10-24 20:55:06 |显示全部楼层
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发表于 2010-10-24 21:21:26 |显示全部楼层
肥胖症妨碍身体对血压和胆固醇的优化控制

详见:
>> "Obesity May Hinder Optimal Control Of Blood Pressure And Cholesterol". Science Daily. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/10/091025091134.htm>. Dec. 30, 2009.
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发表于 2010-10-24 22:22:05 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 非常道人 于 2010-10-24 22:24 编辑

http://www.hao123.com/haoserver/standard.htm
说我:“瘦了一点点,你应该多吃点东西啊!”
已有 1 人评分银两 收起 理由
心物和 + 5 默默奉献!

总评分: 银两 + 5   查看全部评分

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发表于 2010-10-25 00:07:20 |显示全部楼层
回复 5# 非常道人

谢谢非常道版主!
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发表于 2010-10-25 18:18:05 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 心物和 于 2010-10-25 18:36 编辑



减肥是治疗睡眠呼吸暂停症的有效疗法

什么是睡眠呼吸暂停症 (sleep apnoea)?
Sleep apnea (or sleep apnoea in British English) is a sleep disorder characterized by abnormal pauses in breathing or instances of abnormally low breathing, during sleep. Each pause in breathing, called an apnea, can last from a few seconds to minutes, and may occur 5 to 30 times or more an hour. Similarly, each abnormally low breathing event is called a hypopnea.

There are three forms of sleep apnea: central (CSA), obstructive (OSA), and complex or mixed sleep apnea (i.e., a combination of central and obstructive) constituting 0.4%, 84% and 15% of cases respectively.In CSA, breathing is interrupted by a lack of respiratory effort; in OSA, breathing is interrupted by a physical block to airflow despite respiratory effort and snoring is common.

睡眠呼吸暂停症的症状: 晚上打呼噜,白天无精打采
Regardless of type, an individual with sleep apnea is rarely aware of having difficulty breathing, even upon awakening.Sleep apnea is recognized as a problem by others witnessing the individual during episodes or is suspected because of its effects on the body (sequelae). Symptoms may be present for years (or even decades) without identification, during which time the sufferer may become conditioned to the daytime sleepiness and fatigue associated with significant levels of sleep disturbance.

睡眠呼吸暂停症症有什么危害?
Untreated, sleep apnoea is associated with an increased risk of traffic accidents, as well as stroke and heart disease, for example. Moderate and severe sleep apnoea also increases the risk of premature death.

轻则影响日间的工作效率,重则导致记忆力的永久性减损、中风、心脏病 ·····。

一般性治疗

睡觉时戴持续正压通气口罩 Symptom alleviation treatment through CPAP -- continuous positive airway pressure -- which produces more normal breathing patterns during sleep.


减肥实验
实验方法 To achieve significant weight loss, the treatment group were put on a very low calorie diet (VLCD), which gave them an initial energy input of 554 kcal per day for seven weeks followed by a fortnight's successive increase up to 1,500 kcal per day at week nine. The control group maintained their normal dietary habits during the nine week study period, but was afterwards offered a VLCD programme.

实验结果 The results of the study show that the weight loss group lost 19 kilos on average after nine weeks and more than halved the number of apnoea events. None of the treated patients had severe sleep apnoea, half had only mild sleep apnoea and one in six could be declared healthy. The researchers also noted that the effect of the weight loss programme was greatest in patients with severe sleep apnoea.


资料来源:"Weight-Loss Proves Effective Cure for Sleep Apnea". ScienceDaily. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091203222145.htm> .Dec. 7, 2009.

详细:
Karolinska Institutet (2009, December 7). Weight-loss proves effective cure for sleep apnea. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 25, 2010, from <http://www.sciencedaily.com- /releases/2009/12/091203222145.htm>.

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发表于 2010-10-25 18:34:41 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 心物和 于 2010-10-25 18:41 编辑

暂时不做编辑,有啥上啥。日后慢慢整理成中文文件。

有些朋友们体验过入睡后做恶梦,被“鬼”压。我怀疑是患有夜间随眠呼吸暂停症。此病常被自己和医生忽略,而没有及时诊断和治疗。

现在通行的治疗方法有三:一、睡觉时戴通风口罩;二、動手术;三、减肥。
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发表于 2010-10-28 17:15:05 |显示全部楼层
回复 5# 非常道人
说我:;P
您的理想体重: 公斤58  你的身体质量指数:25 (21-22为最佳)
您现在的状况: 小心喔!稍胖,少吃点可以吗?n还要多多运动啊!:)
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发表于 2010-10-28 20:43:29 |显示全部楼层
回复 9# 寶寶
呵呵,还是比较准的吧?感觉到宝宝喜欢到处跑,这也是一种运动哈。你会好起来的。
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发表于 2010-10-28 20:55:32 |显示全部楼层
回复 10# 非常道人

;P道版的感觉比測試的还准我剛到过湖南呀
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发表于 2010-10-28 23:55:53 |显示全部楼层
回复 11# 寶寶
姥姥这么有福气。天天在旅游。
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发表于 2010-10-29 00:04:13 |显示全部楼层
回复 12# 心物和

謝謝王老師 ! 我只想趁有生之年, 还可以走动时 , 多看看外面的世界
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发表于 2010-11-1 18:33:47 |显示全部楼层
回复 2# 心物和

千金难买老来瘦:lol
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发表于 2010-11-1 18:37:18 |显示全部楼层
回复 14# 诗缘

敢请补充一些中医方面的资料。谢谢!
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